Blood pressure is the force that moves blood through the circulatory system. This is an important force because without blood pressure, oxygen and nutrients would not be pumped through the circulatory system to nourish tissues and organs. Blood pressure is also important because it provides white blood cells and antibodies for the immune system and hormones like insulin. Just as important as providing oxygen and nutrients, the fresh blood provided can absorb toxic waste products from metabolism, including the carbon dioxide we exhale with each breath and the toxins we excrete through the liver and kidneys. . Blood itself has a number of other properties, including its temperature. It also carries one of the defenses against tissue damage, clotting platelets, which prevent blood loss after injury. But what exactly causes the blood to press on the arteries? Part of the answer is simple: the heart creates blood pressure by pumping blood as it contracts with each heartbeat. However, blood pressure cannot be generated solely by a pumping heart.
Used as a measure of overall health and as a way to recognize underlying medical conditions, blood pressure is a medical term for the efficiency of your heart. The measurement is performed in two measurements; systolic pressure and diastolic pressure. Systolic pressure is a measure of how hard your heart pumps blood around your body, with diastolic referring to the resting pressure between heartbeats. Measurements are made using a gadget called a sphygmomanometer and are recorded in mm / Hg. The two values are expressed as systolic over diastolic. A healthy heart has a performance between 90/60 mm / Hg and 120/80 mm / Hg.
Blood pressure values of 120/80 mm Hg or less are considered normal. During exercise, systolic blood pressure may temporarily increase by 20-30mm Hg, but decrease within minutes of completing the workout. Studies show that a very fit person who exercises regularly will have lower resting blood pressure (usually less than 120/80 mm Hg) than someone who leads a sedentary lifestyle. Regular physical activity can strengthen your heart. When your heart is stronger, it can pump more blood without less effort. Exercise also triggers the secretion of nitric oxide in the lining of the arteries, which keeps blood vessels elastic and allows blood to flow more easily. Therefore, adding moderate physical activity to your daily routine can help keep your blood pressure healthy.