The signs and symptoms of Typhoid often appear one to two weeks after exposure to Salmonella typhi bacteria and usually include:
- High Fever
- Muscle pain
- Abdominal pain
- Sore throat
- Loss of appetite
What are the complications of Typhoid?
If treatment is not given on time, typhoid can result in serious complications such as:
- Intestinal bleeding
- Perforation of a section of the digestive system, causing bacteria to pour into the abdominal cavity. This condition is called peritonitis and is often fatal.
- Myocarditis, inflammation of the heart muscle
- Endocarditis, inflammation of the lining of the heart and valves
- Pancreatitis, inflammation of the pancreas
- Kidney or bladder infection
- Meningitis, inflammation of the brain and spinal cord membranes
- Osteomyelitis, inflammation of the bones
- Confusion, hallucinations
What are the tips to prevent Typhoid?
The following steps can be taken to prevent and control Typhoid fever:
- Practice safe eating and drinking habits.
- Follow good personal hygiene such as washing hands with soap before eating food.
- Eat foods that have been thoroughly cooked and are still hot and steaming.
- Avoid raw vegetables and fruits that cannot be peeled.
- Boil or disinfect water before drinking
- Keep flies away from food
- Avoid food or drink beverages from street vendors with poor hygiene standards
- Get vaccinated against typhoid fever.
How is Typhoid diagnosed?
Anyone showing signs of typhoid should seek testing and treatment immediately. A delay in diagnosis and treatment may significantly increase the risk of adverse outcomes and mortality.
If your doctor suspects that you have typhoid, tests usually involve a blood culture to detect the bacteria during the first week of fever. A stool, urine, or bone marrow culture may also be performed.
How is Typhoid treated?
Typhoid fever can be successfully treated with antibiotic therapy. If not treated on time, typhoid can be fatal. The doctor will also advise to stay adequately hydrated.
In more severe cases, where the bowel has become perforated, surgery may be required.
Eremedium blogs are for informational purposes only and should not be construed as advice or as a substitute for consulting a physician. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment from a healthcare professional.