Thus, youth in higher education is underestimated in all regions except sub-Saharan Africa. This phenomenon is particularly noticeable in Australia and the Caribbean, North Australia, and Western Europe, where 81 boys graduate from higher education with diploma in information technology in Australia for every 100 young women.
In East Asia and the Pacific – 87, and in the Arab countries of Central and Eastern Europe – 91.
According to UNESCO, poverty, and child labor are “obstacles” to children’s education. It prevents children from fully participating in school and encourages repeat grades and dropouts.
The first sign of leaving school
“Some children drop out of school because of poverty and child labor,” said UNESCO Secretary-General Audrey Udry.
According to a 2020 survey, 97 million boys out of 160 million were working children. One of the main reasons for these numbers is the lack of a protective legal framework.
Of the 146 countries for which data is available, only 55 countries have one year of compulsory education with a minimum working age for those over the age of 15. At the same time, more than 30% have a minimum working age of 15 years or do not clearly specify the minimum age.
To avoid dropping out, UNESCO recommends identifying “red flags” and suggesting solutions. In some countries, after completing primary school, there are already signs of children being left behind.
In the 57 countries for which data is available, 10-year-old boys perform worse than girls in reading and reading skills. At the secondary school level, boys lag behind girls in the region.
Alignment of the minimum age for admission to work with the completion of compulsory education
The risk of dropping out of school is highest in East Asia and the Pacific, Latin America and the Caribbean, and the Arab countries.
Overall, out of every 100 women, only 88 men complete their higher education and certificate 4 in information technology. In 73 countries, young men are less likely to start educating young men than young women, while the opposite is true in only 48 countries.
“To solve this problem, the state should amend the minimum age for access to work after completing compulsory education,” said the UNESCO Secretary.
The UN agency report also shows that very few programs and initiatives address the problem of early school dropout. It contains a number of specific recommendations to prevent children from dropping out of school. That is, making learning safe and inclusive, and investing in better data and insights.
In order for UNESCO to improve the education of all students, it is necessary to create, finance, and promote an equitable education system and an integrated approach.